Grade 4, Unit 5, Lesson 4
The music that you listen to
comes in many different categories. In popular music,
musicians and their music fall into categories that
are called styles. Can you think of some of the styles
that are popular at the moment?
In classical music, pieces are grouped into categories
by the year when they were composed. For example, if
a composer wrote a piece in 1650, then it is in the
Baroque period. This is because the Baroque period happened
during the years 1600 to 1750.
Though classical music is played all over the world
today, for most of history it was only played in Europe.
So, classical music categories refer to time periods
from Europe's history: medieval, renaissance, baroque,
classic, romantic, and modern.
The word renaissance is a French word that means
"rebirth." The renaissance period of music in Europe
happened between the years 1400 and 1550. During this
time, many Europeans became very interested in art,
music, science, and writing. In music, composers began
to experiment, trying new things that no one had done
before. For example, some composers tried new ways of
playing two or more notes together at the same time,
Renaissance instruments were very different than the
ones you hear in a modern orchestra. In addition to
the lute and recorder, other instruments from the Renaissance
include the crumhorn and shawm.
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