McGraw-Hill Social Studies Return to Adventures in
Time and Place
Pennsylvania State Edition: Adventures in Time and Place Grade 4 book Web-Linked Lesson Plans
Say It in Lenape
Connection to Pennsylvania State Edition: Adventures in Time and Place
  • Grade 4
  • Unit 2: Early Pennsylvania
  • Chapter 3: The First Pennsylvanians
  • Lesson 2: Native Americans of the 1600s
    Web Link Description
    Delaware Tribe of Indians, a Web site presented by the Culture Preservation Committee of the Delaware Tribe (Lenape), offers information about the history and culture of this Native American group. Invite students to discover Lenape traditions, clothing, and language. Students can read about Lenape games and can hear live audio samples of Lenape words and phrases.
    Student Objectives
  • to learn about the origin of the name Delaware
  • to use Lenape words in a conversation
  • to explore Lenape culture
    Before Online Activity
    Have students think about how people who speak different languages communicate. How did various Native American groups speak to each other and to the Europeans who came to their land? If you are using Pennsylvania: Adventures in Time and Place, have students read pages 64-70 for background information about early Native Americans in Pennsylvania. Discuss Native American culture and way of life. Then, tell students that they will learn more about life among the Lenape and read and hear the Lenape language at this Web site.

    Arrange students into pairs for this activity.

    Online Activity
    Delaware Tribe of Indians

    Distribute student project sheets. Read the first three paragraphs on the site aloud to the class. At Frequently Asked Questions, read and explain the first two questions to the class. Help students to navigate as they complete the online activity. If possible, have students print the tables of Lenape words and their translations by following the directions on the Web page. If your computer has audio, encourage students to click the Lenape words to hear the words read aloud.

    After students have read or heard the Lenape words, copy the pronunciation guide beneath each table onto the chalkboard. Help students understand how to pronounce the vowels, and have volunteers practice saying various words aloud. Then, have partners make up short conversations and practice speaking the Lenape words.

    Student Project Sheet
    Print the online student project sheet to create a blackline master. For best results, be sure that your browser's font size has been set to "12" and that your browser has been set to print in "portrait mode."
    Sharing the Project
    Ask each pair of students conduct its Lenape conversation before the class. If possible, you may want to contact a Lenape cultural group in Pennsylvania. A representative may agree to visit the class to share more information about Lenape heritage and to help students with pronunciation.
    Assessment Idea
    Ask students if the Lenape words sound like their English translations. Why or why not?
    Home Connection
    Invite students and family members to look up in the dictionary some words from foreign languages that are now part of the English language. A few examples include the French word bouquet, the German word kindergarten, and the Hindi word pajamas. Suggest that students and their families discuss why these words might be in the English language. Encourage them to try to think of more words that come from other languages if they can.