Chapter 6: Establishment of the 13 English Colonies
Lesson 3: Southern Colonies
Maryland and Carolina
named the colony of Maryland for Queen
Henrietta Maria of England in 1634. To protect religious
freedom, the was passed in 1649. In 1663, King Charles II gave to eight proprietors. All eight were extremely unpopular with colonists who believed that some proprietors were more interested in making money than governing wisely. The colonists revolted, and in 1712, became a separate colony.
, Spain, and England claimed the land south of the
Carolinas. In 1732, England sent General to create the colony of Georgia. A friend to the Muscogee,
Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and the Creek Confederacy, he was given the village we now call by Creek Chief Tomochichi. increased in Georgia as farms grew. By 1760, Georgians had enslaved 4,000 Africans.