was a hero in the War of 1812. When he
went against orders to disband in New Orleans and led his
troops to victory, he was given the nickname ""
because he was as tough as hickory. Jackson, who was from
the backcountry, was viewed as a "common man" and easily
won the presidential election in 1828.
Jackson Makes Changes
Hard times were ahead for many during Andrew Jackson's
presidency. When Jackson removed the federal government's
money from the Bank of the United States, the took a
drastic turn downward. In 1832, Jackson had to send troops into
South Carolina to collect taxes on imported goods. was
discovered on Cherokee lands. In 1830, the
was passed, which allowed Jackson to remove Native
Americans from their lands and relocate them to present-day
The Trail of Tears
As the United States government began forcing Native
Americans to leave their homes, there were signs of
. The Cherokee chief went to Chief
Justice John Marshall at the Supreme Court and won a
decision that the Cherokee could remain on their land.
President Andrew Jackson to obey the Court's order.
He forced the Cherokee to march 800 miles to Indian Territory.
The march became known as the . The
in Florida engaged in several battles before they eventually
moved or retreated to swampland.