When John F. Kennedy was in 1963, Lyndon
Baines Johnson became President. Johnson's
programs created the Economic Opportunity Act, Medicare,
and the Department of Housing and Urban Development to
help end poverty and racial injustice. During this time, Martin
Luther King, Jr., and were leaders among different
groups of African Americans, but both were later assassinated.
In 1962 and Dolores Huerta founded the
National Farm Workers Association to help migrant farm
workers, who were treated unfairly.
The Vietnam War
In 1964, the United States became more deeply involved in
the . As the war dragged on, Americans became
more in their support of it. Some believed the United
States had to fight North Vietnam to stop the spread of
while others believed that the United States should
not be involved. In 1965, the first march against the war
was held in Washington. Four students were killed by troops during a protest at Kent State University in 1971.
President Richard Nixon began withdrawing troops from
Vietnam in 1969 but continued the of North Vietnam
and expanded the bombing to Cambodia. The United States
signed a treaty to end the war in 1973.