One country’s control of the of another country or region is known as imperialism. As countries became more industrialized, they needed more for their factories. New markets for products had to be found. led some countries to feel the need for a colonial empire. All of these were factors during the period from 1850 to 1914, which is often called the “Age of Imperialism.”
the called India the “Jewel in the Crown.” India supplied Britain with tea, coffee, cotton, and other agricultural products. controlled a chain of Southeast Asian islands that they called the Dutch East Indies. These islands are now the country of Indonesia. The islands formed one of the richest colonies, however, the Indonesians did not share in this wealth. had colonies in Indochina, a peninsula in Southeast Asia that includes present–day . China became week during the 1800s and Europe seized regions there. Europeans created where they had special privileges and economic control. Asian people resented these practices and rebelled. In 1900, in China tried to drive foreigners out of China by attacking the foreign section in Beijing.
The “Scramble for Africa
After 1880, “scrambled” for colonies in Africa. By 1900, there were only two independent countries on the entire continent. Europeans often put Africans from different cultures in the same colony and forced them to work. Unsuccessful wars for independence took place in the early 1900s.