The Big Idea Activity /Ig Idea Activity


WritingWriting tips and style guidelines


Quick Quiz

Test your knowledge. What have you learned so far?

Unit Three

A Day in the Life

A Young Person's Life in the 1840s

A Day in the Life In the 1840s, girls helped their mothers manage the house. Boys helped their fathers round up the cattle. Find out more about children's lives on a rancho.


James Beckwourth

Biography This explorer discovered an important pass through the Sierra Nevada. It is now named the Beckwourth Pass.

 California Standard 4.2.5 Describe the daily lives of the people, native and nonnative, who occupied the presidios, missions, ranchos, and pueblos. 

 California Standard 4.3.2 Compare how and why people traveled to California and the routes they traveled (e.g., James Beckwourth, John Bidwell, John C. Fremont, Pio Pico). 


Biddy Mason

Biography Biddy Mason was born into slavery. She later won her freedom, worked and saved her money. She became known for giving to those in need.


Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo

Biography Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo helped write California's Constitution and became a state senator.

 California Standard 4.3.4 Study the lives of women who helped build early California (e.g., Biddy Mason). 

 California Standard 4.3.3 Analyze the effects of the Gold Rush on settlements, daily life, politics, and the physical environment (e.g., using biographies of John Sutter, Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, Louise Clapp).