1. Under which president did Congress pass the Indian Removal Act?   California Standard 5.3.4  Discuss the role of broken treaties and massacres and the factors that led to the Indians defeat, including the resistance of Indian nations to encroachments and assimilation (e.g., the story of the Trail of Tears).

a. James K. Polk
b. James Madison
c. Andrew Jackson
d. Grover Cleveland

2. Who invented the cotton gin?   California Standard 5.8  Students trace the colonization, immigration, and settlement patterns of the American people from 1789 to the mid-1800s, with emphasis on the role of economic incentives, effects of the physical and political geography, [MORE]

a. Eli Whitney
b. James Watt
c. Samuel Slater
d. Robert Fulton

3.What landform helped form the border of the Unorganized Territory?   California Standard 5.8.2  Name the states and territories that existed in 1850 and identify their locations and major geographical features (e.g., mountain ranges, principal rivers, dominant plant regions).

Map of United States, 1850

a. Appalachian Mountains
b. Great Basin
c. Rocky Mountains
d. Great Lakes

4. Which of the following territories was undecided about slavery?   California Standard 5.8.2  Name the states and territories that existed in 1850 and identify their locations and major geographical features (e.g., mountain ranges, principal rivers, dominant plant regions).

Map of United States, 1850

a. Indian Territory
b. Utah Territory
c. Oregon Territory
d. Minnesota Territory

5. How many states and territories were free in 1850?   California Standard 5.8.2  Name the states and territories that existed in 1850 and identify their locations and major geographical features (e.g., mountain ranges, principal rivers, dominant plant regions).

Map of United States, 1850

a. 14
b. 16
c. 18
d. 20

6. How did an empresario make a profit?   California Standard 5.8.5  Describe the continued migration of Mexican settlers into Mexican territories of the West and Southwest.

a. by selling land granted from the government to other settlers
b. by growing cash crops
c. by discovering new land routes to California
d. by finding gold

7. Who did not fight against the Mexicans at the Alamo?   California Standard 5.8.5  Describe the continued migration of Mexican settlers into Mexican territories of the West and Southwest.

a. Davy Crockett
b. Daniel Boone
c. Sam Houston
d. Jim Bowie

8. By about how much did the population of San Francisco increase between 1848 and 1850?   California Standard 5.8.6  Relate how and when California, Texas, Oregon, and other western lands became part of the United States, including the significance of the Texas War for Independence and the Mexican-American War.

Graph of San Francisco population, 18481850

a. 20000
b. 30000
c. 35000
d. 45000

9. About how many people lived in San Francisco in 1849?   California Standard 5.8.6  Relate how and when California, Texas, Oregon, and other western lands became part of the United States, including the significance of the Texas War for Independence and the Mexican-American War.

Graph of San Francisco population, 18481850

a. 5000
b. 10000
c. 20000
d. 35000

10. What became the northern boundary of Mexico after the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo?   California Standard 5.8.6  Relate how and when California, Texas, Oregon, and other western lands became part of the United States, including the significance of the Texas War for Independence and the Mexican-American War.

a. Colorado River
b. Arkansas
c. Rio Grande
d. Sierra Nevada